Health & Safety

© Sarah Anne Risk

Employers are required to follow regulated health and safety protocols throughout the year, and worker safety is paramount during any disaster. In the case of fire, additional protections are required and recommended. This page provides a summary of NVG and Farmworker Foundation safety resources, as well as a summary of regulatory requirements related to smoke and fire.

Guidance for Employers for Smoky Conditions

Emergency N95 Masks

The Napa Valley Farmworker Foundation has received a limited number of N95 masks from the Napa County Agricultural Commissioner's Office designated for farmworkers during smoky conditions and to comply with Cal/OSHA standards.

Request Your Masks Here or call the office at 707-944-8311.

Washable cloth masks are also available upon request.

Cal/OSHA Requirements for Smoky Conditions & New Emergency Regulations

Be aware of Cal/OSHA regulations, adopted as of 2019, which require employers to provide N95 masks if PM2.5 is 151 or greater. 

Employers with operations exposed to wildfire smoke must take appropriate safety measures as part of Cal/OSHA’s Injury and Illness Prevention Program under Title 8 section 3203 of the California Code of Regulations and as required under section 5141 (Control of Harmful Exposure to Employees).

According to new emergency regulations adopted in 2019, employers of employees in outdoor workplaces must provide and encourage use of N95 respirators when the Air Quality Index (AQI) exceeds 150, due to the presence of particulate matter of 2.5 microns or smaller (PM 2.5). Compliance is required if employers can reasonably anticipate that employees may be exposed to  wildfire smoke.


N95 Respirators

  • To filter out fine particles, respirators must be labeled N-95, N-99, N-100, R-95, P-95, P-99, or P-100, and must be labeled approved by the US National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
  • Approved respiratory protective equipment is necessary for employees working in outdoor locations designated by local air quality management districts as “Very Unhealthy,” “Unhealthy” or “Hazardous”
  • It takes more effort to breathe through a respirator, and it can increase the risk of heat stress. Frequent breaks are advised. Workers feeling dizzy, faint or nauseous are advised to go to a clean area, remove the respirator and seek medical attention
  • Respirators should be discarded if they become difficult to breathe through or if the inside becomes dirty
  • Instructions for proper mask usage in English and Spanish can be found here

Fire, Air Quality & Wind Conditions